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Crop Progress, Moisture Regress

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According to NASS: Hot temperatures and dry conditions were observed across Montana during the past week, according to the Mountain Regional Field Office of the National Agricultural Statistics Service, USDA. Reporters across the state noted the warm, dry fall is stimulating continued grasshopper infestations, which continue to effect crop and pasture conditions. Topsoil moisture conditions for the state were 28 percent adequate to surplus, compared to 38 percent in the previous week and 100 percent the previous year. Subsoil moisture conditions were rated 24 percent adequate to surplus compared to 85 percent the previous year. Corn for grain harvest progressed slightly, with an estimated 18 percent of the crop harvested, equal to the 5-year average. Corn for silage harvest is progressing, with an estimated 70 percent of the crop harvested, ahead of the previous year at 51 percent, but behind the 5-year average of 79 percent. Dry edible bean harvest is virtually complete, with an estimated 97 percent of the crop harvested, ahead of the previous year at 89 percent. Durum wheat harvest is wrapping up, with an estimated 95 percent of the crop harvested, compared to 90 percent the previous week and 61 percent the previous year. Flaxseed harvest is nearing the end, with an estimated 90 percent of the crop harvested, significantly ahead of the previous year at 42 percent. Safflower harvest is estimated at 60 percent complete, ahead of the previous year and 5-year average at 39 percent and 49 percent, respectively. Sugarbeet harvest progressed slightly last week, with an estimated 7 percent of the crop harvested, ahead of the previous year at 4 percent. Second cutting of other hay is essentially finished, with an estimated 99 percent of the crop harvested, ahead of the previous year at 91 percent. Planting of the 2021 winter wheat crop is progressing behind the average, with an estimated 50 percent of the crop planted, ahead of the previous year at 46 percent, but behind the 5-year average of 63 percent. Emergence of the 2021 winter wheat crop advanced last week, with an estimated 22 percent of the crop emerged, ahead of the previous year at 7 percent, but behind the 5-year average of 24 percent. Reporters noted the winter wheat crop is beginning to show signs of drought stress and that moisture is needed soon to prevent further damage. As pasture conditions deplete due to lack of moisture, producers continue to move livestock off summer pasture, with an estimated 27 percent of cattle and calves and 30 percent of sheep and lambs moved from pasture.

 

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5% or durum is still left for harvest, which is about the only positive for such dry conditions across the state. We could use some timely rains to give winter wheat planting a little moisture bump before dormancy. Again, it is no surprise durum is not finished because of such a late planting period this year.

 

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Almost the entire state is ranked in the drought monitor. New regions are now under a “severe drought” category the northern and southern corners of eastern Montana. Our drought conditions are nothing compared to the rest of western United States. While most discourage snowstorms it could really benefit spring optimism.

 

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Each week we will be releasing a video from a series we produced at the state grain lab. These videos will look at the entire process from collecting samples to resulting in a grade certificate. We are excited about them and the many potential uses. These videos provide assurance that what you buy from Montana is what you are expecting. It is a Guarantee. CLICK HERE

 

If you need help sourcing wheat and barley ingredients for your business, we would love to help. We will connect you with several options that provide numerous methods of delivery. All our wheat and barley suppliers can conduct negotiations virtually to fit your country or states regulations if needed, otherwise social distancing is not a problem out here =)

-Sam Anderson

WBC@mt.gov

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