Each year variety trials are conducted to evaluate publicly available and experimental crop varieties across the state for the grain and forage producers of Montana. Trials are conducted by statewide Agricultural Research Centers at many off-station and several on-station nurseries around the state. Agricultural Research Centers are managed by Montana State University’s College of Agriculture and Montana Agricultural Experiment Station (MAES).

According to the USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS), in 2015 Montana farmers produced more than 5 million acres of wheat valued at $960 million. Barley was grown on 970 thousand acres, valued at $270 million.
Choosing a modern, high yielding and disease resistant variety that is adapted to your growing environment is one of the best management decisions you can make. A 30% yield difference between the best and the worst variety typically occurs at any given location in most any year, and these trends are repeatable over time. 

 

With the assistance of Montana producers, the committee also participates in an Overseas Varietal Analysis survey. Specific wheat samples are sent for testing and comparison in foreign mills. The results and evaluations are then returned and used to strengthen varietal development programs and to meet customer's needs in a very competitive marketplace.

 

Variety Selection Tool

The Montana Agricultural Research Centers and MAES have developed online Variety Selection Tools to help producers easily choose an appropriate variety for their unique environment. To get started, please select one of the following categories:

 

 

Montana wheat classes: hard red spring, hard red winter, hard white, soft wheat, durum.

Montana Wheat Classes

Left to right: hard red spring, hard red winter, hard white, soft white, and durum.

 

 

Small Grain Varieties Quick Facts

From the Montana State University College of Agriculture Montana Foundation Seed Program.

  • Yellowstone and Decade Winter Wheats
  • Bearpaw and Judee Winter Wheats
  • Warhorse Winter Wheat
  • SY Clearstone 2L Winter Wheat
  • WB3768 Winter Wheat
  • Colter Winter Wheat
  • Northern Winter Wheat
  • Hollow-Stemmed Winter
    Wheat Varieties
  • Solid-Stemmed Winter
    Wheat Varieties
  • Recommended 2015
    Winter Wheat Varieties
  • Hard Red
    Spring Wheat Varieties
  • Other Data

‘Yellowstone’ and ‘Decade’ Winter Wheats

Phil Bruckner and Jim Berg, Winter Wheat Breeding Program, Montana State University

Updated 12/2015

Yellowstone is a white-chaffed hard red winter wheat developed by the Montana Agricultural Experiment Station and released to seed growers in 2005. Yellowstone’s pedigree is ‘Judith’ x ‘Promontory’. Yellowstone is a very high yielding (Table 1) winter hardy variety with medium test weight, maturity, height, and grain protein (Table 2). Yellowstone has good milling and excellent baking quality (Table 3). It is resistant to stripe rust, but susceptible to stem rust. Yellowstone is recommended in Districts 1-5. Montana State University Research Fees due on seed sold. PVP, Title V has been issued (Certificate #200600284).

Decade is a white-chaffed hard red winter wheat developed by the Montana Agricultural Experiment Station and released to seed growers in 2010. Decade is a joint release with the North Dakota Agricultural Experiment Station. Decade was selected from a composite of three closely related F1 populations containing such varieties as a sib line of ‘Wesley’, ‘CDC Clair’, ‘NuWest’, ‘Tiber’, and ‘Redwin’. Decade is a high yielding (Table 1) winter hardy variety well adapted to western North Dakota and eastern Montana with medium to high test weight, early maturity, reduced height, and medium to high grain protein (Table 2). Decade has excellent milling and baking quality (Table 3). It is resistant to stem rust, but susceptible to stripe rust. Relative to CDC Falcon, Decade is equivalent in yield potential and winter survival, with improved test weight, earlier maturity, higher grain protein content, superior milling characteristics and higher water absorption. Montana State University Research Fees due on seed sold. PVP, Title V has been issued (Certificate #201100096).

Download the complete 'Yellowstone' and 'Decade' Winter Wheats Fact Sheet (includes Tables, updated 12/2015)

‘Bearpaw’ and Judee Winter Wheats

Phil Bruckner and Jim Berg, Winter Wheat Breeding Program, Montana State University

Updated 12/2015

Bearpaw is a solid-stemmed hard red winter wheat with improved yield potential (Tables 1, 2) relative to Genou and Rampart. Bearpaw was developed by the Montana Agricultural Experiment Station and released to seed growers in 2011. Bearpaw was derived from a composite of five F1 crosses with a common parent, DMS/’Rampart’//’Pronghorn’/3/’Rampart’ crossed to ‘Rampart’, ‘NuPlains’, and three Montana unreleased hollow experimental lines. Bearpaw is a white-glumed, semi-dwarf (Rht1) wheat with medium maturity. Bearpaw performs well in locations were sawfly cutting has occurred (Table 3). Stem solidness is similar to Rampart (Table 3). Bearpaw has average test weight and protein, and below average winter hardiness (Table 4). Bearpaw is susceptible to prevalent races of stripe and leaf rust, but resistant to stem rust. Bearpaw is a high PPO variety with average mill and bake properties (Table 5). Montana State University Research Fees due on seed sold. PVP, Title V has been issued (Certificate #201200407).

Judee is a solid-stemmed hard red winter wheat with improved yield potential (Tables 1, 2) relative to Genou and Rampart. Judee was developed by the Montana Agricultural Experiment Station and released to seed growers in 2011. Judee’s pedigree is ‘Vanguard’/’Norstar’//’Judith’ dwarf/3/ NuHorizon. Judee is a white-glumed, semi-dwarf (Rht1) wheat with medium maturity. Judee performs well in locations were sawfly cutting has occurred (Table 3). Stem solidness is good, intermediate between Rampart and Genou (Table 3). Judee has average test weight and protein, and below average winter hardiness (Table 4). Judee is susceptible to prevalent races of leaf rust and stem rust, but resistant to stripe rust. Judee is a high PPO variety with average mill and above average bake properties (Table 5). ). Montana State University Research Fees due on seed sold. PVP, Title V has been issued (Certificate #201200161).

Download the complete 'Bearpaw' and Judee Winter Wheats Fact Sheet (includes Tables, updated 12/2015)

‘Warhorse’ Winter Wheat

Phil Bruckner and Jim Berg, Winter Wheat Breeding Program, Montana State University

Updated 12/2015

Warhorse is a solid-stemmed hard red winter wheat with improved yield potential (Tables 1, 2) relative to Genou and Rampart. Warhorse was developed by the Montana Agricultural Experiment Station and released to seed growers in 2013. Warhorse was derived from a composite of three F1 crosses with a common parent, ‘Nuplains’/MTS9862 (an experimental sawfly line) crossed to three Montana unreleased hollow- and solid-stemmed experimental lines. Warhorse is an awned, white-glumed, semidwarf (Rht1) wheat with medium maturity. Warhorse performs well in locations where sawfly cutting has occurred (Table 3). Stem solidness is similar to Bearpaw and Rampart (Table 3). Warhorse has average test weight and protein, and below average winter hardiness (Table 4). Warhorse is resistant to prevalent races of stripe and stem rust, but susceptible to leaf rust. Warhorse is a high PPO variety with average mill and bake properties (Table 5). Plant Variety Protection pending. To be sold by variety name only as a class of certified seed. Montana State University Research Fees due on seed sold. PVP, Title V has been issued (Certificate# 201400131).

Download the complete 'Warhorse' Winter Wheat Fact Sheet (includes Tables, updated 12/2015)

‘SY Clearstone 2CL’ Winter Wheat

Phil Bruckner and Jim Berg, Winter Wheat Breeding Program, Montana State University

Updated 12/2015

SY Clearstone 2CL is a 2-gene CLEARFIELD hard red winter wheat developed by Montana Agricultural Experiment Station in 2012 and licensed exclusively to Syngenta Seeds. SY Clearstone 2CL wheat is very similar to Yellowstone. It is a medium maturing, medium tall, white chaffed wheat with average winter hardiness. It is a high yielding wheat (Tables 1,2) with average test weight and protein (Table 3). SY Clearstone 2CL has improved yield over another commercial 2-gene CLEARFIELD variety, AP503 CL2 (Table 2). SY Clearstone 2CL is resistant to stripe rust and has moderate resistance to stem rust, the latter an improvement over Yellowstone. SY Clearstone 2CL is a medium PPO variety with average mill and above average bake properties (Table 4). PVP, Title V has been issued (Certificate# 201300357). Additionally, the CLEARFIELD genes are patented.

Download the complete 'SY Clearstone 2CL' Winter Wheat Fact Sheet (includes Tables, updated 12/2015)

‘WB3768’ Winter Wheat

Phil Bruckner and Jim Berg, Winter Wheat Breeding Program, Montana State University

Updated 12/2015

WB3768 is a white-chaffed hard white winter wheat developed by the Montana Agricultural Experiment Station and licensed exclusively to WestBred/Monsanto in 2013. WB3768 was derived from a composite of two F1 crosses with a common white seeded experimental parent, MTW0047 (=Judith/PI262605//S86-740), to 2*MT9982 (Yellowstone sib) and MT9982/MT9989 (= Judith/Arapahoe). WB3768 is a high yielding variety similar to Yellowstone (Table 1). WB3768 is similar to Yellowstone for most agronomic traits with the exception of higher test weight and later heading date and maturity (Table 2). WB3768 is almost 2 inches taller than Yellowstone. Like Yellowstone, WB3768 is resistant to prevalent races of stem rust, but susceptible to stem and leaf rust. WB3768 has acceptable milling and baking quality (Table 3). WB3768 is a low PPO cultivar with favorable Asian noodle color stability and noodle score. Plant Variety Protection pending. To be sold by variety name only as a class of certified seed. Montana State University Research Fees due on seed sold. PVP, Title V has been applied for (Certificate# 201500028).

Download the complete 'WB3768' Winter Wheat Fact Sheet (includes Tables, updated 12/2015)

‘Colter’ Winter Wheat

Phil Bruckner and Jim Berg, Winter Wheat Breeding Program, Montana State University

Updated 12/2015

Colter is a white-chaffed hard red winter wheat developed by the Montana Agricultural Experiment Station and released to seed growers in 2013. Colter, pedigree = MT9982*2/BZ9W96-895, was selected as a cross from a Yellowstone sib selection (MT9982) and an unreleased advanced breeding line from Westbred (BZ9W96-895). Colter is a high yielding variety similar to Yellowstone (Table 1). Colter is similar to Yellowstone for most agronomic traits with the exception of higher test weight and later heading date (Table 2). It has superior stem rust resistance relative to Yellowstone. Colter is resistant to prevalent races of stripe rust, but susceptible to leaf rust. Colter has acceptable milling and baking quality (Table 3). Colter is named for John Colter, a member of the 1803-06 Lewis & Clark Expedition, who later explored the Yellowstone caldera, completed his famous “run”, and is considered by some to be the first mountain man. Plant Variety Protection pending. To be sold by variety name only as a class of certified seed. Montana State University Research Fees due on seed sold. PVP, Title V will has been applied for (Certificate# 201500029).

Download the complete 'Colter' Winter Wheat Fact Sheet (includes Tables, updated 12/2015)

‘Northern’ Winter Wheat

Phil Bruckner and Jim Berg, Winter Wheat Breeding Program, Montana State University

Updated 12/2015

Northern is a hard red winter wheat developed by the Montana Agricultural Experiment Station and released to growers in fall 2015. Northern was named to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the Northern Agricultural Research Center (NARC) in Havre, Montana. Northern is derived from a cross between a Yellowstone sib line (MT9982) and hard white winter Montana (MTW0072) and Nebraska (NW97S151) experimental lines. Northern is a medium-late maturing, medium-short statured wheat, with white chaff. Northern has average yield (similar to Yellowstone and Colter, see Table 1), average test weight, and average protein (Table 2). Northern is resistant to both stem and stripe rust. Northern has above average milling and average baking properties (Table 3.) Northern is a low PPO cultivar with favorable Asian noodle color stability and noodle score. Plant Variety Protection is pending.

Download the complete 'Northern' Winter Wheat Fact Sheet (includes Tables, updated 12/2015)

Recommended Hollow-Stemmed Winter Wheat Varieties

Phil Bruckner and Jim Berg, Winter Wheat Breeding Program, Montana State University

Updated 12/2015

Description of selected varieties developed by MSU/MAES Winter Wheat Breeding Program:

Colter – is an awned, white glumed, high yielding hard red winter wheat to be released in fall 2013 by the Montana Agricultural Experiment Station. Colter is similar to Yellowstone for grain yield and most agronomic traits with the exception that Colter is about 0.5 lb/bu higher for test weight and has superior stem rust resistance relative to Yellowstone. Colter is moderately resistant to stripe rust, but susceptible to leaf rust. Colter has excellent milling and baking bread quality, similar to Yellowstone. PVP, Title V has been applied for (Certificate# 201500029).

Decade – hard red winter wheat developed by the Montana Agricultural Experiment Station and released jointly with North Dakota (pending at publication) in 2010. Decade is an early to medium maturing reduced height wheat with white chaff. Decade is a high yielding wheat with good winter hardiness and medium to high test weight and protein. Decade is resistant to prevalent races of stem and stripe rust. Decade has excellent milling and baking quality. PVP, Title V has been issued (Certificate #201100096).

Northern is a hard red winter wheat developed by the Montana Agricultural Experiment Station and released to growers in fall 2015. Northern was named to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the Northern Agricultural Research Center (NARC) in Havre, Montana. Northern is a medium-late maturing, medium-short statured wheat, with white chaff. Northern has average yield (similar to Yellowstone and Colter), average test weight, and average protein. Northern is resistant to both stem and stripe rust. Northern has above average milling and average baking properties (Table 3.) Northern is a low PPO cultivar with favorable Asian noodle color stability and noodle score. Plant Variety Protection is pending.

SY Clearstone 2CL – a 2-gene CLEARFIELD hard red winter wheat developed by Montana Agricultural Experiment Station in 2012 and licensed exclusively to Syngenta Seeds. SY Clearstone wheat 2CL is very similar to Yellowstone. It is a medium maturing, medium tall, white chaffed wheat with average winter hardiness. It is a high yielding wheat with average test weight and protein. SY Clearstone 2CL is resistant to stripe rust and has moderate resistance to stem rust, the latter an improvement over Yellowstone. SY Clearstone 2CL is a medium PPO variety with average mill and above average bake properties. PVP, Title V has been issued (Certificate# 201300357). Additionally, the CLEARFIELD genes are patented.

WB3768 – is a white-chaffed hard white winter wheat developed by the Montana Agricultural Experiment Station and licensed exclusively to WestBred/Monsanto in 2013. WB3768 is a high yielding variety similar to Yellowstone. WB3768 is similar to Yellowstone for most agronomic traits with the exception of higher test weight and later heading date and maturity. WB3768 is 1.8 inches taller than Yellowstone. Like Yellowstone, WB3768 is resistant to prevalent races of stem rust, but susceptible to stem and leaf rust. WB3768 has acceptable milling and baking quality. WB3768 is a low PPO cultivar with favorable Asian noodle color stability and noodle score. PVP, Title V has been applied for ( Certificate# 201500028).

Yellowstone – hard red winter wheat developed by the Montana Agricultural Experiment Station and released to seed growers in 2005. Yellowstone is a very high yielding winter hardy variety with medium test weight, maturity, height, and grain protein. Yellowstone has excellent baking and good Asian noodle quality. It is moderately resistant to TCK smut and resistant to stripe rust, but susceptible to stem rust. Yellowstone has been the leading winter wheat variety planted in Montana since 2012. PVP, Title V has been issued (Certificate #200600284).

Download the complete Recommended Hollow-Stemmed Winter Wheat Varieties Fact Sheet (includes Tables, updated 12/2015)

Recommended Solid-Stemmed Winter Wheat Varieties

Phil Bruckner and Jim Berg, Winter Wheat Breeding Program, Montana State University

Updated 12/2015

Description of selected varieties developed by MSU/MAES Winter Wheat Breeding Program:

Bearpaw – hard red winter wheat developed by the Montana Agricultural Experiment Station in 2011. Bearpaw is a white-glumed, solid-stem, semi-dwarf (Rht1) wheat with medium maturity. Bearpaw has average yield, test weight, and protein, and below average winter hardiness. Bearpaw is resistant to prevalent races of stem rust but susceptible to stripe and leaf rust. Stem-solidness of Bearpaw is most similar to Rampart. Bearpaw is a high PPO variety with above average milling and average baking properties. PVP, Title V option has been issued (Certificate #201200407).

Judee – hard red winter wheat developed by the Montana Agricultural Experiment Station in 2011. Judee is a white-glumed, solid-stem, semi-dwarf (Rht1) wheat with medium maturity. Judee has average yield, test weight, and protein, and below average winter hardiness. Judee is susceptible to prevalent races of stem and leaf rust but resistant to stripe rust. Stem-solidness of Judee is most similar to Genou. Judee is a high PPO variety with average mill and above average bake properties. PVP, Title V has been issued (Certificate #201200161).

Warhorse - is an awned, white glumed, solid-stemmed hard red winter wheat released in 2013 by the Montana Agricultural Experiment Station. Warhorse has medium maturity and has medium short, semi-dwarf height. Warhorse’s winter hardiness, rated at 4 on 0-5 scale, is an improvement over other solid stem varieties. Stem solidness is similar to that of Bearpaw and Rampart, while sawfly cutting of stems is very low (similar to Rampart). Warhorse yield is similar to Judee, while test weight and protein are above average. Warhorse is resistant to both stem and stripe rust. Warhorse has acceptable mill and bake qualities. PVP, Title V has been issued (Certificate# 201400131).

Download the complete Recommended Solid-Stemmed Winter Wheat Varieties Fact Sheet (includes Tables, updated 12/2015)

Recommended 2015 Winter Wheat Varieties

Phil Bruckner and Jim Berg, Winter Wheat Breeding Program, Montana State University

Updated 12/2015

Download the complete Recommended 2015 Winter Wheat Varieties Fact Sheet (includes Tables, updated 12/2015)

Hard Red Spring Wheat Varieties

Luther Talbert and H.Y. Heo, Montana State University

Updated 1/2016

CHOTEAU – Choteau was derived from the cross of MT 9401/MT 9328. Choteau is a semidwarf hard red spring wheat with solid stems conferring tolerance to the wheat stem sawfly. The spike is lax and tapered with white awns and glumes. Choteau is resistant to the prevalent race of stem rust in Montana. Choteau has good grain protein and acceptable milling and baking quality. Choteau is recommended for districts 2-6 under dryland and irrigated conditions. U.S. PVP #200400035. MAES Research Fees due on seed sold.

DUCLAIR - Duclair was derived from a cross of Choteau//Reeder/Scholar. Duclair is a solid stem semidwarf hard red spring wheat with white glumes and awns. Compared with Choteau, Duclair is one day earlier in heading date and one inch taller. Duclair has slightly fewer solid stems than Choteau and generally has more solid stems than Fortuna. Duclair is resistant to the prevalent races of stem rust in Montana. Duclair exhibits good milling and baking traits. Duclair is recommended for districts 2-6 under dryland conditions. U.S. PVP #201100372. MAES Research Fees due on seed sold.

VIDA - Vida was derived from the cross of Scholar/Reeder and is a semidwarf hard red spring wheat with white glumes and awns. Vida is moderately resistance to leaf and stripe rust but is moderately susceptible to stem rust. Vida has good milling and baking characteristics. Vida is recommended for districts 1-6 under dryland conditions. U.S. PVP #200600225. MAES Research Fees due on seed sold.

WB9879CLP - WB9879CLP was derived from the cross of Choteau*3//Choteau/IMI8134 made in 2004 to be used as a two gene Clearfield wheat. WB9879CLP is an awned semidwarf hard red spring wheat heading one and a half days later than Choteau while plant height is 30 inches the same as Choteau. WB9879CLP has solid stems similar to Choteau. WB9879CLP exhibits acceptable milling and baking quality traits similar to Choteau. WB9879CLP is currently licensed to WestBred, a unit of Monsanto. U.S. PVP Pending # 201200491. To be sold by variety name only as a class of certified seed.

EGAN - Egan is a hard red spring wheat with resistance to the orange wheat blossom midge (OWBM). Egan has shown good yield potential in northwestern Montana, and has relatively high grain protein content and resistance to stripe rust. Egan should be grown in a blend with a OWBM-susceptible variety (90% Egan – 10% susceptible) to lessen the possibility that the OWBM will overcome the resistance.

Spring Wheat Variety Performance Evaluations and Recommendations

Download the complete Recommended Hard Red Spring Wheat Varieties Fact Sheet (includes Tables, updated 1/2015)